Friday, August 10, 2012

Testing of D.C. Motors

       The efficiency of a d.c. motor is given by,

       The various losses taking place in a d.c. motor and efficiency can be calculated carrying out testing of d.c. motors. There are different methods of testing d.c. motors.
       These methods are broadly classified as ;
i) Direct method of testing.
ii) Indirect method of testing

1.1 Direct Method of Testing
       In this method the d.c. motor which is to be tested is actually loaded and input and output are measured. The efficiency is given by

       Generally this method is employed to small motors. The motor is loaded by means of a brake applied to the water cooled pulleys.
       The main draw back of this method is that the accuracy in determining the mechanical power output of the motor is limited. Alternately it is difficult to provide full load for the large capacity motor.
1.2 Indirect Method of Testing
       In these methods the motor is not loaded directly but the losses and efficiency at different loads can be estimated. Out of the different methods available for testing of d.c. motors, Swinburne's test and Hopkinson's test are commonly used in practice on shunt-motors. Since series motors can not be started without load, the no load tests can not be performed on d.c. series motor.

Related Articles :
 Significance of Back E.M.F.
 D.C. Compound Motor
 Applications of D.C. Motors
 Losses in a D.C. Machine 

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1 التعليقات:

  1. hey can you tell me the name of the book from where you got this topic from?
    thank you